Tlisted here are a number of misconceptions about dwelling in eco-friendly or pure homes — that they’re susceptible to erratic climate circumstances, not pleasing aesthetically, costly to take care of, and so forth.
However there are lots of extra good causes to construct these homes, with supplies and processes which are each resource-efficient and environmentally accountable.
In accordance with Samyuktha S, co-founder of Earth Constructing, a agency specialising in pure building strategies and practical designs, “In case you are planning on constructing a pure abode, the very first thing to do is to get the design proper.”
“Whereas there are a number of building strategies for pure buildings similar to cob, adobe, rammed earth, earthbag, wattle, and daub and so forth, the essential design ideas keep the identical for all,” Samyuktha tells The Higher India.
She shares 10 suggestions that you need to contemplate whereas designing an eco-friendly home:
1. Perceive the geography of the realm
The very first thing to grasp earlier than designing a pure home is the geography of the realm or the location. You need to contemplate a number of components like temperature, humidity, frequency of rainfall, and the land format.
Although the compressive energy of pure supplies like mud is sweet, the identical just isn’t true for when these supplies get moist. So it is very important design the home in a manner that retains water away.
In rainfall-intensive areas, there’s a chance of water logging, so the home have to be designed to permit the water to run off simply. For instance, if it’s a low-lying space, one can dig trenches to maintain the water away.
2. Plinth and the roof
The plinth have to be designed in keeping with the weather conditions of the area. In a rainfall-intensive space, one should construct a excessive plinth to keep away from water-logging. Additionally, it is very important construct the plinth utilizing pure supplies that received’t be affected by water — ideally, utilizing stones.
In the meantime, sloping roofs present a superb overhang for partitions, defending them from rains. The slopes have to be designed in keeping with the quantity of rainfall the area receives. In rainfall-intensive areas, it’s suggested to maintain the slopes steep sufficient in order that water runs off effectively.
3. Mud and fibre for stronger partitions
Whereas constructing a mud home, it is very important combine the mud with fibre in a steered ratio to extend the bonding energy of the mud partitions. The fibre additionally contributes to insulation.
In accordance with Samyuktha, “The fibre content material shouldn’t be greater than 10 per cent, as it could actually have an effect on the compressive energy of the mud.”
4. Stopping termites
As termites assault wooden components in a home, it is very important make it possible for the mud and wooden don’t are available direct contact. Subsequently, Samyukta suggests both utilizing a lime mortar between the wooden and the mud, or separating their contact by utilizing stones in between.
5. Breathable flooring
One other necessary factor to remember is to have breathable pure flooring.
There are a variety of pure flooring made from mud, terracotta, lime, and many others, with a number of variations. These flooring are softer on the ft when in comparison with ceramic tiles or marble, and supply thermal consolation by reducing out excessive temperatures.
7. Cross air flow
You will need to have massive openings or home windows within the route of the wind, to make it possible for the air flows out and in of the home simply. This additionally helps enhance the thermal consolation of the home.
It’s additionally advisable to make openings within the roof to let the recent air out of the home.
8. A robust basis
Pure homes are principally constructed on load-bearing foundations utilizing stones.
“Dry rubble is likely one of the greatest pure supplies for constructing foundations, as it’s robust and prevents water from reaching the constructing partitions,” says Samyuktha.
9. Waterproof plastering
Kitchens and bogs are most in danger for being affected by moisture. In relation to a pure home, it’s important to make it possible for these areas are water-resistant. For this, specialised waterproof lime plasters can do the job nicely. The identical holds true for the exteriors of the home.
9. Insulating the roof
To make the home extra thermally snug, roofs could be designed for higher insulation, as warmth switch majorly occurs by means of the roof space.
For good insulation, one can use picket planks, double tiles (clay tiles), and construct a picket attic.
10. In-built furnishings
In-built furnishings not solely offers a easy and minimalistic look, but in addition makes the home extra spacious, says Samyukhta.
(Edited by Divya Sethu)